Two United States Regiments That Served in the American Revolution

5th Artillery, 182nd Infantry

The oldest regiment in the U.S. Regular Army is 5th Artillery. The Headquarters Battery of the Regiment’s 1st Battalion  was organized in 1776 as the New York Provisional Company of Artillery and has been in continual service ever since. This unit  served in the Continental Army as Captain John Doughty’s Battery of Lamb’s Artillery Regiment and as the 2nd Battery, 2nd Continental Light Artillery. It was engaged at Long Island; Trenton; Princeton; Brandywine; Germantown; Monmouth; Yorktown; New Jersey 1776; New Jersey 1777; New Jersey 1780; and New York 1776. In 1783, when the Continental Army was disbanded, this unit was the only portion of it retained in United States service. Service in the Revolution is commemorated by the Liberty Bell on the shield and by the crest, taken from the arms of the family of Alexander Hamilton, one of the original officers. It is the only unit of the Regular Army with service in the Revolution. 

The oldest regiment in the U.S. Army is the 182nd Infantry of the Massachusetts National Guard. It has been in continous existence since 1636. It was called to active service on 19 April 1775 and served as Gardner’s Regiment, Bond’s Regiment, the 25th Continental Regiment and the 7th Massachusetts Regiment, Continental Line. It was engaged at Lexington, Boston, Quebec and New York 1778 and 1779. The regiment was mustered out of Continental service in 1783. 

Your state’s Adjutant General will have information on Revolutionary service by local units.

Major James B. Ronan II is a former member of the 182nd Infantry and a Fellow of the Company of Military Historians http://www.military-historians.org/

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