The National Guards of the various New England States provided many units for the Union Army.
The 101st Infantry is a unit of the Massachusetts National Guard organized in 1798. During the Civil war it was called the 9th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry and fought in 10 campaigns, serving in the Eastern Theater of war. Most of its members were of Irish extraction and the regiment was known as the “Irish 9th”. Civil War Service is commemorated by the red Maltese cross, the badge of the 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Fifth Corps of the Army of the Potomac.
The 102nd Infantry is unit of the Connecticut National Guard organized in 1672. During the Civil War it was called the 2nd Regiment, Connecticut Volunteers and provided the elements of 10 other Connecticut regiments. These served in the Eastern and Western theaters in 19 campaigns.
The 103rd Infantry is a unit of the Maine National Guard organized in 1861. It was known as the 2nd Regiment Maine Volunteers and served in 12 Eastern Theater campaigns. The regiment was mustered out in June of 1863 and those members who re-enlisted were mustered with the 20th Maine (Yes, that 20th Maine!).
All these units commemorate Civil War by the heraldic device called a saltire in red or blue. The saltire represents the Cross of St. Andrew on the Confederate flag (without the stars) and the regiments’ role in suppressing the rebellion.
For more information on units of your state’s National Guard contact your state adjutant general or your state’s military museum.
Major (Ret.) James B. Ronan II is a Fellow of the Company of Military Historians http://www.military-historians.org/